From proteins to simple cells

It is already overwhelming odds that an average-sized protein that is necessary for life could have occurred spontaneously. However, proteins alone is not life. The simplest living cell requires thousands of proteins in order to function. If we take this into consideration, the odds of a simple cell forming spontaneously is even more staggering.

The case for chemical evolution only weakens when we consider that long chains of specific amino acids all in exactly the right position are required to form the proteins of life. Even worse, amino acids do not naturally link up to form proteins but rather tend to break down. Now proteins can be two or three thousand amino acids long. Very long, complex chemicals and they’re very much like a computer program. Every amino acid has to be in exactly the right position. If one of them is wrong, then the whole protein is useless just like a computer program. 

The improbabilities buried in Darwinism start right at the very beginning.  Even before life began, how did the first protein molecule come about? There’s been quite a bit of work done on this, to investigate the probability of it. Work both by information theory technologies and also by molecular biologists actually tinkering with proteins to see whether or not they can be taken to pieces and reassembled. And the work of both groups found that the probability of a protein, of these sort of size that you find in the human body, coming about by chance is so great, just to be virtually impossible. It’s something which is possible if you have eternity at your disposal but Darwinists just don’t have eternity at their disposal. 

Information theory scientist Hubert Yaki calculated and MIT biologist Robert Sauer confirmed that the probability that a protein containing just 100 amino acids would form spontaneously is less than one chance in 10 to the 65th power, an event so improbable that it could be compared to winning the state lottery by finding the winning ticket in the street and then continuing to find the winning ticket in the street every week for a thousand years. 

The origin of the very first animal life out of ordinary complex chemicals is so large that no evolutionist has ever been able to overcome it and it is one of the biggest barriers to the theory of evolution that I know. Even if proteins miraculously formed, we still are not close to producing life. The simplest living cells require thousands of specialized proteins in order to function. 

A number of scientists have tried to calculate the probability of life arising by chance. Sir Fred Hoyle, a british mathematician, using super computer and the assistance of graduate students, estimated only the origin of the proteins of an amoeba, two thousand of them arising by chance, he estimated that the probability that the proteins of an amoeba could arise by chance is one chance in ten to the forty thousandth power.

A probability of one chance in 10 to 40,000 is absurdly small. To illustrate this, consider the probability of snatching a particular atom out of the entire universe is one chance in 10 to the 80th power. After making this calculation, British mathematician Sir Frederick Hoyle stated “The likelihood of the formation of life from inanimate matter is one to a number with 40,000 naughts after. It is enough to bury Darwin and a whole theory of evolution. There was no primeval soup, neither on this planet nor any other. And if the beginnings of life were not random, they must therefore have been the product of purposeful intelligence. 

We can prove mathematically that evolution is just a joke, it couldn’t possibly happen. Richard Dawkins, for example, one of the leading evolutionists in his book the Blind Watchmaker, acknowledges that the nucleus of every cell, plant, animal or human has a database larger than the 30 volume set of the encyclopedia britannica. 

All life – plants, animals and man – are made up of cells. Each cell is a miniaturized city performing the complex functions required for life to exist. The cell membrane is self-repairing and consists of special proteins that monitor what is outside of the cell as well as select which molecules are allowed to enter. These proteins act as pumping stations controlling the import of nutrients and the export of waste materials. Inside the cell, we find staggering complexity. For example, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a transportation network with protein producing factories called ribosomes. The ribosomes produce many types of specific proteins while the ER channels them to precise locations. The Golgi bodies transport proteins to the exterior membrane while lysosomes act as digestive organs that break down and recycle larger molecules into particles the cell can use. The mitochondria are the power plants of the cell producing the fuel that the cell consumes. The nucleus contains the data center which governs cell activity. Inside the nucleus, we find the chromosomes which contain the DNA molecule that functions as a library and contains all the coded information needed for life. Billions of instructions are coded on this error-detecting and error-correcting, self-replicating molecule. Only if all of these structures were created simultaneously could a cell function. For example, to produce DNA a cell requires more than 75 different types of proteins. Yet these proteins are only produced at the direction of DNA. The only solution to this dilemma is creation. The odds of getting DNA-making protein on a roll of the molecular dice is like the odds of getting a 13 on a pair of gaming dice. The potential is not there. The probability is just plain zero.