From Prokaryotes to Eukaryotes Cells

Cells
https://youtu.be/r4gMKVvPT1I If you look at the supposed transition from simple bacterial life to modern life, a key step early on in that process is going to be the transition from what's called prokaryotic life - simple bacterial life - to eukaryotic life. All complex life has a cell type that's called eukaryotic cell type where the DNA is packaged in a nucleus, the cells are larger, you have all kinds of organelles, mitochondria, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum. All of these structures that don't exist at all in the bacterial world, they exist everywhere else. Complex life has these structures. Fundamentally different ways of doing cellular life separates the bacterial world from the eukaryotic world. So the question is: How did you get from that simpler world to the more complex…
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Cells

Origin of life
From proteins to simple cells From Prokaryotes to Eukaryotes Cells Haven't scientists been able to successfully build a cell? Are building blocks of a cell easy to build?
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Origin of Life Theories

Origin of life
What is abiogenesis (also called chemical evolution) and why is it important for the theory of evolution? Where did life originate from? What is self-organization law and what has it got to do with origin of life? James Tour On The Riddle Of Life's Beginnings
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Building blocks of life – DNA

Origin of life
Where does information in DNA come from? DNA and proteins: Which come first? What is the RNA world hypothesis? Is the human genome evolving or devolving? Mutations have not be able to build anything new Doesn't junk DNA prove evolution? No new information can be added to an organism's genetic code
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Building blocks of life – Proteins

Origin of life
What is the Miller-Urey experiment? Do proteins evolve to take on new functions? All amino acids are left-handed and what that shows Probability of a single protein forming by chance What Is The Chance Of Obtaining All The Enzymes Required For Life At Random?
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James Tour On The Riddle Of Life’s Beginnings

Origin of Life Theories
Can life spontaneously generate itself from chemicals? Or are detailed instructions required? This episode of Science Uprising investigates the origin of life and claims by scientific materialists like Stephen Hawking that life spontaneously arose from chemicals without any guidance or intelligent design. Be sure to visit https://scienceuprising.com/ to find more videos and explore related articles and books. Experts featured in this episode include James Tour, T.T. and W.F. Chao Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Computer Science, and Professor of Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University; Douglas Axe, Maxwell Visiting Professor of Molecular Biology, Biola University and author, Undeniable: How Biology Confirms Our Intuition that Life Is Designed; and Stephen Meyer, PhD, Director, Center for Science and Culture, Discovery Institute and author, Signature in the Cell: DNA and the Evidence for…
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Mutations have not be able to build anything new

DNA
https://youtu.be/FEZi5A6HCWs Because if you actually look at experimental results, there's no reason to think that one can modify fundamentally the form of life by changing DNA. Mutations definitely have effects and there are some organisms that have been studied so exhaustively we really know all the effects that mutations have. The poor fruit fly drosophila melanogaster is one of these that's been studied for many years in laboratories and mutations have been cataloged ad infinitum. And they do all kinds of horrible things to these fruit flies. Many of them do nothing, some of them kill the fruit fly and some of them deform the fruit fly. You can get fruit flies that have no wings or that have legs coming out of their head instead of antennae. All kinds…
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What is self-organization and what has it got to do with origin of life?

Origin of Life Theories
Self-organization, also called spontaneous order, is a process where some form of overall order arises from local interactions between parts of an initially disordered system. The process can be spontaneous when sufficient energy is available, not needing control by any external agent. (Wikipedia) It has been used in support of abiogenesis. Some believe that the specific sequence of amino-acids in proteins can be explained by the self-organization law. Can chemistry explain information in DNA? A critique of self-organization. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6G2ADJ61GA The third approach that I mentioned for explaining the origin, well explaining anything according to Jacque Minogue is an approach that relies on pure necessity or natural law or what in origin of life studies became known as self-organization. And there have been a number of these theories but perhaps the…
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Are building blocks of a cell easy to build?

Are building blocks of a cell easy to build?

Cells
https://youtu.be/wcxZKPVCBMg Dave: Any biomolecule is easy to synthesize. Jim knows this. He's a synthetic chemist. What he probably means is that we haven't seen these bio-macromolecules form spontaneously outside of a biological system. But that's not what he says. Jim:  There is this perception that biomolecules are easy to synthesize. They're not easy to synthesize as I'm showing but they would be really hard to synthesize if you had to build the building blocks of the building blocks. What if you couldn't buy glucose and you had to make it? What if you had to make glucose? That's really hard to do, especially with pre-biotic chemicals. Dave: Jim is constantly talking about how we don't know how to make the four classes of biomolecules which are nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates…
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Haven’t scientists been able to successfully build a cell?

Cells
https://youtu.be/xeFW2PgU2aU Try to build a cell even hypothetically. Assemble a dream team of all your best professors and you say “Can you make a living cell if you were to give them the chemicals in homochiro form and the informational code?” So say I'll give you all the chemicals. Can you build a cell. No. I’'ll give you the informational code. I'll give you DNA in any order that you want. I'll give you the RNA in any order that you want. I'll even give you the enzymes all assembled. I'll give you the lipids all in homochiral form, whatever lipids you want. I'll give you all the proteins, all the ionophores, all the carbohydrates in whatever form you want. Here they are all in separate bottles in your modern…
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